Test Your Fertility Knowledge

Question: Hormonal Contraception can - 

  1. prevent ovulation (release of an egg)
  2. thicken cervical mucus so sperm can't get to the womb
  3. kill sperm
  4. answer A and B
  5. answer A, B, and C
Hormonal contraceptives contain a progestin (progesterone medicine) with or without an estrogen.  Both progestin and estrogen are made in a laboratory and are similar to the hormones that all women  naturally  produce.    These  two  hormones  together,  or  the progestin alone, work in several ways to prevent a pregnancy:
  • They can prevent ovulation (the release of an egg).
  • They make the mucus around the cervix (opening of the womb) thicker so that sperm cannot enter the uterus (womb).
  • They make the lining of the uterus (womb) thinner to prevent a fertilized egg from attaching itself.
Source: ASRM Fact Sheet: Hormonal Contraception

For more information on contraception:
is a patient education website of ASRM.


ASRM Infographic

Hormone Birth Control Pills are used for more than just contraception