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English Fact Sheets & Info Booklets

The ASRM Patient Fact Sheet  is a series produced under the direction of the ASRM Patient Education Committee and the Publications Committee.

These fact sheets may be printed and distributed to patients to enhance patient education as long as the text is not altered and proper credit must be attributed to ASRM.  Additional copies of booklets can be purchased in the ASRM Store

Some Patient Education Fact Sheets are available en Español and 中文版本. 

  

Am I Ovulating?

Ovulation is the release of an egg from a woman’s ovaries and is essential for getting pregnant.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (booklet)

This booklet will help you understand in vitro fertilization (IVF) and other assisted reproductive technology (ART) that have become accepted medical treatments for infertility.

Avoiding Conflict in Third-party Reproduction

Third-party reproduction is an arrangement where a person or couple receives help from other(s) to have a child. This help can be in the form of donated eggs, sperm, or embryos; carrying the pregnancy; or a combination of these types of reproductive assistance.

Conditions Treated with Adnexal Surgery

Surgery can be used to treat problems with your ovaries or fallopian tubes such as cysts, endometriosis or infections. Adnexal surgery involves any of the organs that are on the sides of (“next to”) the uterus (womb), such as the fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Defining Infertility

Infertility is “the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse.”

Diagnostic Testing for Female Infertility

An evaluation of a woman for infertility is appropriate for women who have not become pregnant after having 12 months of regular, unprotected intercourse.

Does My Age Affect My Fertility?

A woman’s age is one of the most important factors affecting whether she is able to conceive and give birth to a healthy child. This is due to several changes that are a natural part of aging.

Egg Donation

Egg donation is when a woman (donor) gives her eggs to another woman (recipient) to allow the recipient to have a baby. To donate eggs, the donor must be given medications that will cause her to develop multiple eggs over a single cycle.

Embryo Donation

In the current practice of in vitro fertilization (IVF), some patients may create more embryos (fertilized eggs) than they need. The extra embryos may be cryopreserved (frozen) so that they can be transferred later.

Fibroids and Fertility

Uterine fibroids are benign (noncancerous) tumors of muscle tissue in the uterus. They are also called myomas or leiomyomas.

Gamete (Eggs And Sperm) And Embryo Donation

Gamete and embryo donation is using eggs, sperm, or embryos from someone else in order to help an intended parent(s) have a child. Intended parent is the term used for the person(s) who will raise the child(ren).

Gamete and Embryo Donation: Deciding Whether To Tell

Gamete donation is giving sperm, eggs, both, or embryos to another person/couple so that another person/couple may have a child. This offers patients the opportunity to have child(ren) when sperm and/or eggs or both are not healthy enough to lead to successful pregnancy.

Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy: What Should I Know?

Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is when the thyroid gland produces less thyroid hormone than it should. The thyroid gland is found in the lower part of the throat and partially wraps around the upper windpipe (trachea).

Infertility Counseling and Support: When and Where To Find It

Infertility is a medical condition that touches all aspects of your life. It may affect your relationships with others, your perspective on life, and how you feel about yourself. How you deal with these feelings will depend on your personality and life experiences.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

When a woman conceives naturally, sperm travel from the vagina
through the cervix (narrow, lower part of the womb), into the uterus
(womb), and up into one of the fallopian tubes. If sperm arrive in a tube
soon after the release of the egg from the ovary (ovulation); the sperm
and egg can meet and unite (fertilization) in the tube.

Male Infertility Evaluation: What Do I Need To Know?

Male factors alone are the cause of infertility in 20%–30% of couples and contribute to infertility in another 20%–30% of couples. Overall, about one half of infertile couples have male factor causes.

Ovarian Drilling for Infertility

Often, women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) do not have regular menstrual periods. This usually means that a woman doesn’t ovulate (release an egg) every month and may have trouble getting pregnant.

Reproductive Aging in Women

Your reproductive system ages faster than you may realize. Some women, after completing college, settling into a career, or waiting for the right partner, find that they have problems getting pregnant due to age-related infertility.

Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility

What is sexual dysfunction and how common is it?
Sexual dysfunction is a problem in a person’s sexual desire, arousal, or orgasm.

Smoking and Infertility

Can smoking affect my ability to have a child? 
Most people understand that smoking increases the risk for heart, vascular, and lung disease.

Sperm Morphology (Shape): Does It Affect Fertility?

The most common test of a man’s fertility is a semen analysis. This measures many features of the sperm and semen (the fluid in which the sperm are contained). The most important of these are the number of sperm (sperm count), motility of the sperm (percentage of moving sperm), morphology of the sperm (percentage of normally shaped sperm), and the volume of fluid.

Stress and Infertility

It is not clear how exactly stress impacts fertility. It is not known whether high levels of stress can prevent pregnancy or affect a woman’s chance of conceiving.

Testosterone Use And Male Infertility

Testosterone (also referred to as “T”) is a hormone
produced in men by the testes (testicles). It is involved
in muscle and bone development, hair growth, and
development of sex organs such as the penis and
prostate.

Treatment of Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Many women have a miscarriage at one time or another. Miscarriages can happen for many reasons. Having a miscarriage doesn’t mean a woman will have another miscarriage if she tries again.

What is Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL)?

This is a condition when a woman has 2 or more
clinical pregnancy losses (miscarriages) before
the pregnancies reach 20 weeks. Losses are
classified by when they occur.

ReproductiveFacts.org
is a patient education website of ASRM.
 

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